The Eagle Creek Fire in the Columbia River Gorge started September 2, 2017 when a 15-year-old boy set off fireworks during a burn ban. (Photo by Multnomah County/Flickr)

Despite an exceptionally wet spring, Oregonians surveyed in early June overwhelmingly expect a future of increased wildfires across the state, according to a recent survey.

The Oregon Values and Belief Center, a nonpartisan public opinion research organization, received 1,500 responses to an online survey sent to adults across the state during the first week of June. 

Nearly 90% of respondents expect wildfires in the state to increase during the next decade. 

“As Oregonians often struggle to bridge ideological divides, there is widespread common ground when it comes to concerns about the effects of wildfires on Oregon, regardless of political party, income, education or age,” the report’s authors wrote.

So far, Oregon’s fire season has been mild. Since May there have been 30 human-caused fires in the state, according to the National Interagency Fire Center, most of which burned less than an acre. People are responsible for many of the fires in the state.

Persistent drought conditions put the state at risk for large wildfires this year, despite above-average rainfall in April, May and June. 

According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the West is in the worst drought in 1,200 years and the driest 22-year period on record. Most of central Oregon is in an “exceptional drought.”

The National Interagency Fire Center has forecast a higher than normal risk for wildfires in southern Oregon by July. 

By August, the fire center forecasts that most of the Northwest will face above normal risk for potential wildfires.

One in five Oregonians said they have had to evacuate their home due to a wildfire, according to the survey, though the lowest levels of concern among respondents were for damage to personal property. 

More than 75% of respondents across age, political affiliation, income, education and gender expressed greater worry over the loss of wildlife and fish habitat in the state due to growing wildfires. Nearly 80% believe there will be significant loss of state forests during the next decade due to heat and drought. 

Few respondents approved of the way that wildfires are prevented in Oregon. Less than half approved of wildfire management undertaken by private landowners and state government. Nearly 80% of logging in Oregon takes place on private lands, according to the Oregon Forest Resources Institute. 

One survey respondent wrote, “Timber companies do not want to log weak, sick, damaged trees in dense forest. Timber companies do not want to log trees killed by fire. They want access to log the large, old healthy trees that survived fire and density. There is no profit for them in small, destroyed trees. A tree’s ability to survive (or come back) from a fire is greatly underestimated in the logging debate.”

Less than one-third of the respondents approved of the management of forests for wildfire prevention on federal lands in Oregon. About 60% of Oregon’s forestland is owned by the federal government, according to the Forest Resources Institute.  

Nearly 70% of Oregonians support limiting new home construction in fire-prone areas. 

PREVENTING HUMAN-CAUSED WILDFIRES
Burnpiles, sparks from power tools, lawn mowers and vehicles, and abandoned campfires are the top three sources of human-caused wildfires in Oregon according to the state Department of Forestry.
Campfires:
Campers should check local restrictions around campfires before building one, and be careful to keep them away from vegetation along with other precautions.
Only wood should be burned, and the campfire should be clear, small and attended to at all times, with water and shovel nearby, according to the Keep Oregon Green Association.
Fireworks: 
Keep water nearby and soak spent fireworks after use, according to the Oregon State Fire Marshal. Never use fireworks near dry grass or vegetation and use them in only legal places. Oregon law prohibits the sale, possession and use of any firework that travels more than 12 feet horizontally. Bottle rockets, Roman candles and firecrackers are illegal without a permit. Fireworks are banned in state and national forests, parks, campgrounds, beaches and land owned by the Bureau of Land Management. Under Oregon law, possession and misuse of fireworks can lead to criminal charges and fines of up to $2,500 per violation. Parents are liable for damage caused by their children.
Other restrictions:
Sky lanterns are prohibited year round in Oregon. The state also prohibits tracer ammunition and the use of exploding targets. During wildfire season, backyard debris burning is banned.
Check the Oregon Department of Forestry wildfire restrictions map for more information.


Oregon Capital Chronicle

Oregon Capital Chronicle is part of States Newsroom, a network of news bureaus supported by grants and a coalition of donors as a 501c(3) public charity. Oregon Capital Chronicle maintains editorial independence. Contact Editor Lynne Terry for questions: info@oregoncapitalchronicle.com. Follow Oregon Capital Chronicle on Facebook and Twitter.

Alex Baumhardt, Oregon Capital Chronicle

Alex Baumhardt has been a national radio producer focusing on education for American Public Media since 2017. She has reported from the Arctic to the Antarctic for national and international media, and from Minnesota and Oregon for The Washington Post. She previously worked in Iceland and Qatar and was a Fulbright scholar in Spain where she earned a master's degree in digital media. She's been a kayaking guide in Alaska, farmed on four continents and worked the night shift at several bakeries to support her reporting along the way.